Milking A Goat
Raw Goats Milk: Practice Safe Milk Handling
Sanitation is very, very important when milking. You have to decide what practices you feel safe with and be consistent, both for the health of your doe and the integrity of the milk you will be consuming.
Use the "Fast Chill" method of handling your goats milk from beginning to end. Bacteria that cause food poisoning multiply quickest between 40°F and 140°F.
Store your clean milk pail in the freezer. Submerge your milk pail in ice water while milking. The faster you can chill the milk, the better-tasting and fresher & safer to consume, it will be. Milking into an ice-cold milk pail lowers the temperature rapidly until you can get the milk into the house, strained and refrigerated.
The longer the milk sits out, the more “goaty” it will taste and the more danger of food poisoning there is.
Wash hands and surfaces used for/during milking often:
Wash your hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds before and after handling anything and after using the bathroom, changing diapers, and handling goats.
Wash your cutting boards, dishes, utensils, and counter tops with hot soapy water and/or bleach.
WASH YOUR HANDS THE RIGHT WAY:
Use plain soap and water—skip the antibacterial soap—and scrub the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum a song from beginning to end twice.
Rinse hands, then dry with a clean towel. Wash dish cloths & hand towels often in the hot cycle of your washing machine.
Wash your hands often, especially during these key times when germs can spread: Before, during, and after milking goats or cows. Some wear disposable gloves while milking. Remember, bacteria is transmitable to humans.
- Use A Strip Cup When Milking
The strip cup is a small metal cup with a lid that contains a fine-mesh strainer. This is meant to check for lumps or abnormalities in the milk. Purchase at: https://www.hubersanimalhealth.com/
for $15.50 STRIP CUP SCREEN TOP 150S
- To make milking easier & cleaner, shave goat’s udder.
How To Milk A Goat:
Step 1: Prepare feed mix for your doe to nibble while being milked. Example: a mixture of alfalfa/bermuda pellets & a little organic grain.
Milking is done by placing the thumb and forefinger together and pinching the top of the teat, where it meets the bulge of the udder. These two fingers trap the milk in the teat, preventing it from moving back into the udder when the teat is squeezed. Then, with the rest of your fingers, work the milk out of the teat.
Step 2: Clean the udder & teats completely. This is for the health of the doe, you the milker and those who drink the milk. If you wish- Follow with a clean dry paper towel applied to udder and teats, then dispose of after each doe.
What to clean the udder with: Disposible Udder Wipes
- Place water in clean udder wipe jar (wide mouth glass canning jar w/lid, works well) & add 1-2 oz. NutriBiotic – Certified Organic Pure Coconut Oil Soap, Unscented | Certified Organic, Unrefined, Biodegradable | Vegan & Made without GMOs, Gluten, Parabens or Sulfates | Rich, Cleansing Lather which elimanates smells & helps decrease bacteria.
2. Add new dry wipes to jar of udder wash mixture: KMAKII Natural Cotton Baby Dry Wipes Extra Strong & Absorbent (Fragrance free, no additives, soft dry wipes) (order on Amazon $33 for 400)
Step 3: Prime each teat by squeezing out 1 or 2 squirts on each teat into the clean strip cup. This flushes out any blockage and bacteria. Make sure there is no blood or clumps of milk which could indicate mastitis.
Step 4: Begin Milking. Grab the teat as high as you can, a good couple of inches into the udder. Using your thumb and first finger, squeeze the teat hard so you trap the milk in the teat. You are placing the thumb and forefinger together and pinching the top of the teat, where it meets the bulge of the udder. Again, these two fingers trap the milk in the teat, preventing it from moving back into the udder when the teat is squeezed. Then, with the rest of your fingers, work the milk out of the teat. You accomplish this by keeping your thumb and first finger tight, bring your palm and other fingers together. This pressure will squirt the milk out. If you don’t get any milk or if you get a very tiny stream, it’s because you aren’t keeping your thumb and first finger pinched hard enough. Important: No tugging, it’s about pinching & squeezing.