Coccidiosis in Goat Kids
Shake well before use. Each animal should be treated with a single 1 mL dose of Baycox per 2.5 kg or 5.5 lbs. body weight. Administer a single oral dose at 7-12 days. (Note if you get a kid that obviously has developed coccidiosis, dose them immediately.
To obtain maximum benefit, goats should be treated in the prepatent period before the expected onset of clinical signs. The prepatent period of Eimeria ovinoidalis is 12-15 days and the prepatent period of Eimeria crandalis is 15-20 days.
How long does it last: After oral administration, toltrazuril is absorbed slowly from the gut, indicated by a radio-active study using [triazine-2-14C]-marked toltrazuril. This is followed by a long-lasting distribution among the different compartments of the body. The plasma half-life is about 170 hours in lambs & kids (approx. 5 days). Excretion is characterized by a high fecal fraction with a relatively high excretion rate. There is no significant enterohepatic circulation.
Most clinical cases occur between 5–8 weeks of age. Most goat kids have inapparent infection. In subacute or acute infections, the usual signs are poor fecal pellet formation (pasty feces), decreased appetite, stary coat, and decreased weight gain. More severe acute cases show diarrhea with or without blood presence, possible tenesmus, dullness, anorexia, and weight loss. Severe problems lead to rapid onset of diarrhea, often with blood, tenesmus, signs of abdominal pain, lethargy, weakness, recumbency, and death. In chronic infections, there is increased time to puberty, increased time to finish, decreased weight gain, and decreased feed intake.
In most countries, few or no treatments are licensed for goats, although products licensed for cattle and sheep are often available which is the case in the USA. Water and feed intake is usually decreased in ill kids, so it is best to treat by drenching rather than rely on including any medicine in the drinking water or feed. It may be necessary to use electrolyte and nutritional solutions to feed ill kids because they can become anemic from the coccidia.
Natural products such as Lespedeza cuneata in feed pellets have decreased fecal signs and oocyst counts in kids. However, relying on this alone, to prevent coccidiosis in very young kids, is risky.
In the first few days after birth, if a kid has diarrhea, it is not coccidiosis.
Important! Please Read The Following Notice!
All information provided in these articles is based either on personal experience or information provided by others whose treatments and practices have been discussed fully with a vet for accuracy and effectiveness before passing them on to readers. Much of my page content is from Veterinary Colleges and Manuals.
In all cases, it is your personal responsibility to obtain veterinary services and advice before using any of the information provided in these articles. JoAnna Mertz is not a veterinarian. Neither JoAnna Mertz nor applejofarms.com nor any of the contributors to this website will be held responsible for the use of any information contained herein.
The following is included for any who are concerned that Baycox or Toltrazuril is unsafe to use because it is not FDA approved yet in the U.S.
Although all adverse reactions are not reported, the following adverse reaction information is based on voluntary post-approval drug experience reporting. It is generally recognized that this method of reporting results in significant under-reporting of adverse drug reactions. It should be noted that suspected adverse drug reactions listed here reflect reporting and not causality. The categories of adverse reactions are listed in decreasing order of frequency by body system.
Lack of efficacy has been reported in countries other than Canada. To reduce concerns associated with lack of efficacy, follow label instructions regarding correct dose and timing.
Studies indicate that the metabolite, toltrazuril sulfone, accumulates in soil when undiluted manure from treated feedlot cattle is repeatedly spread on the same agricultural field. This may affect groundwater and negatively impact the growth of certain crop species.
If you do not have a feedlot full of kid goats which are being dosed with Baycox, this is not a concern obviously.
Personally, I have never seen any documented information on adverse reactions from goat kids getting proper dosages and applications of Baycox or Toltrazuril. If you see documentiation, please share it with me.