Coccidiosis Treatment in Goats
Shake well before use. Each animal should be treated with a single 1 mL dose of Baycox per 2.5 kg or 5.5 lbs. body weight. Administer a single oral dose at 1 week of age. (Note if you get a kid that obviously has developed coccidiosis, dose them according to this and in
To obtain maximum benefit, goats should be treated in the prepatent period before the expected onset of clinical signs. The prepatent period of Eimeria ovinoidalis is 12-15 days and the prepatent period of Eimeria crandalis is 15-20 days.
How long does it last: After oral administration, toltrazuril is absorbed slowly from the gut, indicated by a radio-active study using [triazine-2-14C]-marked toltrazuril. This is followed by a long-lasting distribution among the different compartments of the body. The plasma half-life is about 170 hours in lambs & kids (approx. 5 days). Excretion is characterized by a high fecal fraction with a relatively high excretion rate. There is no significant enterohepatic circulation.
Most clinical cases occur between 5–8 weeks of age. Most goat kids have inapparent infection. In subacute or acute infections, the usual signs are poor fecal pellet formation (pasty feces), decreased appetite, stary coat, and decreased weight gain. More severe acute cases show diarrhea with or without blood presence, possible tenesmus, dullness, anorexia, and weight loss. Severe problems lead to rapid onset of diarrhea, often with blood, tenesmus, signs of abdominal pain, lethargy, weakness, recumbency, and death. In chronic infections, there is increased time to puberty, increased time to finish, decreased weight gain, and decreased feed intake.
In most countries, few or no treatments are licensed for goats, although products licensed for cattle and sheep are often available which is the case in the USA. Water and feed intake is usually decreased in ill kids, so it is best to treat by drenching rather than rely on including any medicine in the drinking water or feed. It may be necessary to use electrolyte and nutritional solutions to feed ill kids because they can become anemic from the coccidia.
Natural products such as Lespedeza cuneata in feed pellets have decreased fecal signs and oocyst counts in kids. However, relying on this alone, to prevent coccidiosis in very young kids, is risky.
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