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Mastitus/Congested Udder

Congested Udder or Scar Tissue or Mastitis?

Not the same!
Congested udder is not the same as mastitis and is not as serious, either. It is not an infection but rather an issue with the teat not allowing milk to flow. It often occurs when the doe produces so much milk so quickly that it becomes overly full. It is uncomfortable but is relatively easy to treat and fix.
If your doe has one of the teats with a very small stream or nothing coming out at all, it may be the keritin plug isn't clearing completely or she has a small calcium plug.
In both cases you want to keep milking her with some force. If you hold some pressure and wipe the teat with an alcohol soaked pad that will sometimes help disolve a plug. Others say getting some warm water in a cup and holding her teat in it will solve this. The plug comes out pretty easy and she may not have any problems afterwards.
It could also be congestion constricting the teat. This can feel like a little donut at the top of the teat.

Scar Tissue

Sometimes scar tissue forms around the teat canal. Also little threads of tissue called spiders can form across the canal, blocking it. Vets recommended re-opening the canal with a needle or inflator. They start with a 16 g needle. The next step is inserting a cannula (inflator). If you could not insert it, the orifice is too tight. Try with a thicker needle. All of this needs to be done in an extremely sterilized condition. If the thicker needle does not work, the Vet will bring a special tool to cut the scar off. This requires great experience so call your Vet.
First, before assuming the problem is a congested udder, run your Mastitis test. Take does temperature.

Mastitis in Goats

By Ronald J. Erskine, DVM, PhD, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University
...states Mastitis in Goats is more common in the later stages of lactation. This is partially because a of a higher proportion of epithelial cells in caprine milk than in bovine milk. As lactation progresses, shedding of epithelial cells into milk increases; thus, SCCs >1,000,000 cells/mL are common in uninfected does in late lactation. Proper milking procedures and good environmental sanitation are needed to reduce the prevalence and spread of infection. Chronically infected does should be culled, as should does with M mycoides infections and those that do not recover from M putrefaciens or M capricolum infections.
information from (Onion Creek Ranch-
Mastitis is essentially an infected udder. Does of all goat breeds can contract mastitis, but it is more often seen in heavy milkers. Since bacteria that cause mastitis enter the udder through the teats, the cleanliness of pens and feeding areas has a significant impact on whether or not mastitis develops in a herd. There is some evidence that mastitis can be hereditary, but it is fair to say that it is mostly acquired via external sources.
Mastitis prevents a lactating doe from providing quality milk for her kids. Indeed, it sometimes prevents her from nursing them, creating a "bottle baby" situation. The udder gets swollen, hard, and hot. The milk, if there is any, is stringy, spotted with blood, and often not useable.
Mastitis is not responsive to injectable antibiotics because the medicine cannot get to the source of the infection. The udder is an interwoven mass of fibrous tissue that is "walled off" from the rest of the doe's body. Never inject a doe's udder with any substance, antibiotic or otherwise; it will kill her.
Testing For Mastitus At Home

DESCRIPTION of one Test You can do at Home:

Dr Naylor® Mastitis Indicators, box of 30 (may purchase at

Designed to test cows' or goats milk for signs of mastitis. Simple to use: discard first stream of milk from quarter to be tested. Then hold blotter in slanting position so milk stream will first cover dark area and run down over yellow round area.


DESCRIPTION of Another Test You can do at Home:

CMT - California Mastitis Test Kit (& Accessories) Available from or on Amazon

Introductory kit for mastitis detection and control. The CMT measures somatic cell counts through a special reagent in a four chamber paddle.


  • 4 chamber paddle  (also sold separately)
  • 1/2 liter empty pour bottle
  • 1 pint (16 oz) concentrated CMT liquid  (also sold separately)
  • directions
  • color chart


  • 5.0 out of 5 stars

    "An Udder Saver! "

    I bought this kit three years ago after one of my goats came down with mastitis. Since then it's been a real life-saver in early detection of mastitis and in monitoring the healing process of a doe with traumatic mastitis. Very easy to use and the concentrate will last for many years.

    Best Advice on Testing for Mastitis:

    Buy and use both of the test products shown above. If both have same results, you can feel the testing is correct.

Treatment involves removing the kid from its mother and bottle feeding it. Occasionally a mild case of mastitis will permit treatment and still allow the kid to nurse, particularly if the infection is in only one teat. The udder is walled off into two parts, each supplying one teat with milk. Milk out the infected udder(s) and infuse each infected teat with an intramammary medication like ToDay (cephapirin sodium) or similar product for at least two and preferably for four to five consecutive days. Massage the udder to move the medication around inside as much as possible. Bag Balm can be applied to the outside of the udder for ease in massaging and for the doe's comfort. Some does run fever with mastitis, so fever-reducing medication must be given.
Since it is virtually impossible to kill all of the bacteria inside the udder, mastitis is usually chronic, recurring with each kidding. For this reason, mastitis is generally a reason for culling a doe in a herd.
Personally, I have never had a doe with Mastitus, however, it can happen. It's best to be prepared in case it happens to one of your does.
  • Here are some other treatment options: sells a product called: 

MastoBlast for Mastitis in Livestock

by HomeoPet
For: Natural Treatment for mastitis infection. Proven to reduce Somatic cell count in milk by up to 50%. Treat one animal or the entire herd. Spray on nose or add to water for at least 10 days. Give cows 2 ml twice daily, sheep or goats 1 ml twice daily. Natural formula. No milk withdrawal. 8 oz. provides treatment for 6 cows, 12 sheep or goats.
  • October 6, 2021 by Gina (Virginia , united states)
“I was skeptical that this would work but after 2 days her milk was clear!”
worked great
  • September 30, 2021 by susie M. (oregon, united states)
“i had a clear mastitis test in 3 days”
  • Can't beat it for congested udders!
    June 16, 2020 by Nan (CO, United States)
    “I'm not sure whether it helps much with mastitis, but I'm convinced it does a great job softening a congested udder (which of course can lead to mastitis very quickly). It's not the cheapest item in the world, but a little goes a looong way which reduces the actual cost quite a bit. I'm using it with dairy goats.”
  • Great Homeopathic product!
    March 26, 2020 by Jenn F.
    “I have used this product for bouts of mastitis with our organically raised Jersey cows over the past three years. It has been a GREAT product. We simply top-dress the grain twice a day with a capful of Mastoblast. The infection typically clears within 2 days (four treatments) and then I always treat once past "clear milk". This method has ALWAYS worked. Infection does not recur. I also use Mastoblast as a preventative measure to prevent mastitis when I need to move milking times or if I know the cow will be under stress (ie, during weaning, transportation, etc) I give 2 doses as a preventative, once in AM, the other approx. 12 hours later in PM . GREAT PRODUCT”
  • “I am always surprised at how well this works especially considering that it looks like water! But it works really well at lowering the somatic cell counts on our dairy herd. Just put it in the water or on the feed twice a day and it will do what it claims!”
Key Benefits
  • Natural Supplement that helps reduce the incidences of mastitis.
  • Aids in the reduction and control of somatic cell count and can also be used as treatment and prevention.
  • Easy-to-administer liquid that can be added to your companion’s food and water or directly into her mouth.
  • Contains no harsh chemicals with no known side effects.
  • Safe for use on young, pregnant and nursing animals.

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